# Praxis II Middle School: Mathematics (5169) Subject Assessments

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## Praxis II Middle School Mathematics (5169) Exam General Information

The Middle School Mathematics test is designed to certify examinees as teachers of middle school mathematics. Examinees have typically completed a bachelor’s program with an emphasis in mathematics education, mathematics, or education. Course work will have included many of the following topics: theory of arithmetic, foundations of mathematics, geometry for elementary and middle school teachers, algebra for elementary and middle school teachers, the big ideas of calculus, data and their uses, elementary discrete mathematics, elementary probability and statistics, history of mathematics, mathematics appreciation, and the use of technology in mathematics education.

The test is not designed to be aligned with any particular school mathematics curriculum, but it is intended to be consistent with the recommendations of national studies on mathematics education such as Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (2000), by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), Program Standards for the Initial Preparation of Middle Grades Mathematics Teachers (2012), by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), and Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (2012).

## Praxis II Middle School Mathematics (5169) Examination Format

The Praxis II Middle School: Mathematics (5169) exam is composed of 55 selected-response and numeric-entry questions and examinees are given 2 hours to complete the exam. The examinee will be required to understand and work with mathematical concepts, to reason mathematically, to make conjectures, to see patterns, and to justify statements using informal logical arguments. Additionally, the examinee will be expected to solve problems by integrating knowledge from different areas of mathematics, to use various representations of concepts, to solve problems that have several solution paths, and to develop mathematical models and use them to solve real-world problems.

## Examination Coverage with its Approximate Number of Questions and Percentage

The Praxis II Middle School Mathematics (5169) Exam covers:

Arithmetic and Algebra (34 questions – 62%)

- Numbers and Operations
- Algebra
- Functions and Their Graphs

Geometry and Data (21 questions – 38%)

- Geometry and Measurement
- Probability, Statistics, and Discrete Mathematics

The exam will contain several types of questions:

Selected-response questions—select one answer choice

Selected-response questions—select one or more answer choices

Numeric entry questions

Drag-and-drop questions

Table grid questions

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